Xishuangbanna, close to you, warm me, magical tropical rain forest and charming Dai style
Published on 22:13, February 17, 2020
On January 26, 2018, on the afternoon of the parents' meeting for my daughter, I set out for Xishuangbanna, a rainforest land with 13 ethnic minorities. Let's start with a group of amazing landscapes in the Rainforest:
Magical rainforest landscape
Stand alone: in Xishuangbanna tropical rain forest, there is a kind of tall tree called big green tree. Because of the damage of its huge branches and cortex, the air roots will grow in the injured parts under cloudy and humid conditions. After these aerial roots grow into the soil, they quickly absorb the water and nutrients in the soil, and grow up quickly to become the "trunk" supporting the thick branches. Dozens of these "tree trunks" are few, and hundreds of them are many, forming the spectacle of "single tree into forest".
Big root: why do these trees in tropical rain forest form root? These trees in the tropical rainforest are not only tall and heavy, but also mostly shallow rooted plants. At the same time, they have to experience the test of tropical storms. Therefore, in order to solve the problem of "head heavy, foot light, and unstable" and avoid being destroyed by the wind and rain, they wisely grow some plate roots to support themselves. As an additional supporting structure of tall trees, the root is formed by the abnormal secondary growth of lateral roots.
Hanging Garden: the epiphytes in the tropical rain forest are of different shapes and colors, which are all over the tree trunks and vines. It is known as the "Hanging Garden". In order to strive for living space, these epiphytes usually avoid the thick tree layer, climb the high branches, fully and effectively capture the sunlight, and then form the gorgeous landscape of the sky garden in the flowering season.
It's a common pattern for us to "blossom on the top of the tree and fruit on the branch". However, the trees in tropical rainforest are not completely regular. The flowers and fruits of some trees are not on the top of the branch, but on the old trunk. In Xishuangbanna tropical rain forest, we often see flowers from the stem of trees, which is called "old stem flowers"“ "Old stemmed flower" is a special phenomenon in tropical rainforest, which is the result of coevolution of plants and animals formed in the long-term evolution of organisms. In fact, to put it simply, the trees in the tropical rainforest are too tall. If the flowers bloom on the high branches, they are beyond the range of activities of insects and cannot be pollinated. Open on old stem, height appropriate, insect pollination. Tree pineapple is also called jackfruit, typical old stem result.
Tabao tree: at the beginning, it may be a bird carrying a seed and falling in the center of the tower, or it may be a seed accidentally blown by the wind. After a long time, it germinates and grows into a big tree. Of course, it may also be that the bird ate a banyan seed and did not digest it. When I stroll on the tower, I poop a lot, and then grow and sprout
Tree wrapped Pagoda: This is a landscape in the Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The branches of trees wrap the pagoda tightly
Strangulation phenomenon some species of Ficus in the tropical forest often strangle in order to "dominate, kill the host, replace", which is the "green killer" in the tropical rainforest. When animals carry the seeds of banyan trees to the branches or bark cracks of trees, the seeds will germinate. Young banyan trees can produce adventitious roots, which act like epiphytes. With the growth of banyan trees, their adventitious roots cross and fuse with each other, gradually wrap the host trees tightly, and support their bodies with the help of the host trees. When these banyan trees gradually become big trees, their roots and stems have completely enveloped the host trees, and the host trees eventually die due to the tight transport tissue and nutrient deficiency, and these strangled banyan trees finally become independent big trees.
Panlongfufeng three giant trees form a tropical rainforest spectacle - "plant remarriage phenomenon". Look at the tree ahead. When she grows up, she leaves the childhood sweetheart she grew up with and throws herself into the arms of the tall tree next to her. It's amazing how nature vividly interprets all kinds of images of human society. These three trees are all banyan trees with tall crown but shallow root system. In order to support the huge tree body, they grow adventitious roots or aerial roots from the stems or branches. The tip of aerial roots extends into the soil. The underground part grows into roots rapidly, and the aboveground part grows into trunks. When there are other trees nearby as support points, they do not hesitate to remarry and merge with the trees nearby, This is the peculiar phenomenon of banyan remarriage.
Husband and wife tree: This is a surprise from Wangtian tree. It seems to be a forked Wangtian tree. In fact, there are two trees. One is Wangtian tree, and the other is the main accompanying tree of Wangtian tree, namely, cotyledon tomentosa. In a certain period of time with the main tree species grow together, and can promote the growth of the main tree species, we call it associated tree species. After seeing the cruelty of plant strangulation, and feeling the warmth of plants, we will find that plants can never leave each other and stay together for life.
Spring in withered wood: the real origin of the idiom "spring in withered wood". All kinds of wonders on this fallen tree are the comprehensive phenomena of epiphyte, parasitism, moss, strangulation, and plank root of the tropical rain forest. Together, the unique and beautiful "sky garden" of the tropical rain forest is formed. Half of the tree has died and is covered with all kinds of small plants. It looks like a sky garden. These hanging plants are called epiphyte lamellae. There are also fungi, which will not easily let go of every reincarnation of life. It's a "spring in front of a sick tree"
Dancing grass: also known as aeolian grass, the young leaves of dancing grass are very sensitive to sound waves. When the temperature reaches 25C and the decibel reaches above 70, they will continuously swing up and down when stimulated by sound waves, which looks like a girl dancing. In order to watch her dance, many curious tourists began to sing lyrically. I play the galloping horse directly on my mobile phone. It's moving. The leaves are really moving. It's the wind
Mystery fruit: Mystery fruit is one of the most amazing plants in the world. In the 1960s, when Premier Zhou Enlai visited Ghana, he brought back some extremely mysterious fruits and introduced them into the Banna botanical garden. Mysterious fruit contains a unique protein, people eat mysterious fruit, eat anything sour, will feel very sweet. In 1968, scientists isolated this kind of protein that can regulate human taste buds; In 2011, Japanese scientists discovered the chemical mechanism of mysterious fruit protein flavor change, and found that the effect of mysterious fruit protein is related to the pH value in the mouth. Under normal conditions, the pH value of human oral cavity is close to neutral. In a neutral environment, mystery fruit protein is located above the sweet receptor of the tongue, clings to the sweet receptor, and does not activate the sweet receptor, so there is nothing special about the taste of mystery fruit. However, if you eat lemon, vinegar and other acidic things within 1-2 hours after eating mysterious fruit, the pH value in your mouth will decrease. After the mysterious fruit protein meets with acid substances, the electrical properties of the protein change, which further intensifies the sweet receptors on the tongue, making the sweet receptors extremely excited. Therefore, people feel that all acidic things are sweet. It's amazing! When we went there, we only saw the theoretical knowledge, but we didn't see the fruit. The magical rainforest gave us a lot of surprises（ The above amazing rainforest landscape science knowledge comes from the introduction of scenic spots and Xishuangbanna Museum
Main itinerary: the first day, Jinuo mountain village and primeval forest park, the night of Xingguang night market in the west of Gaozhuang, the second day, Dai garden and mantingyu garden, the evening "Lancang Mekong night" song and dance bonfire party, the third day, tropical botanical garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences, the night of night market by Lancang River, the fourth day, the fifth day of one-day tour of wangtianshu scenic spot, the original Daluo port, Mengjing came to the scenic spot for a day, because he was tired, he changed to sleep in, and then looked at Xishuangbanna Museum. Because I don't like to wait for the bus, so it's a charter tour. I feel it's more convenient.
Jino nationality is a nation that came out of Dagu in the flood and famine era, and it is the last recognized nation in China, living in the vast tropical rain forest. We all know that there are 56 ethnic groups in China, but maybe many people don't know that there are 56 different ethnic groups in China since 1979. On June 6, 1979, the 56th ethnic group was born in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province --- Jinuo. Jinuo People step into socialist society from primitive society
Welcome: listen, the drum on the gate is beating. Zhuoba (elder) and bailaboo (sorceress) lead the stronghold people to come
In front of mahemaniu's sculpture, there is the legend of creation. After reading it, I understand that the Jino people are a people who respect their uncles.
Adults praise the stage performance and enjoy fruits and barbecues while watching the performance
The Jino people still keep their own weaving method, chopper cloth
Also impressive is the Jino family's father son name system. For example: Yao Jie Jieze Zedong; Chebulu -- Bulu car -- Lu car.
Through the fruit tasting area, in the fragrance of rice wine, in the deep feeling of the wizard elders, complete the whole experience of Youle culture
Golden Lake Peacock Flying: waiting for a glass of fruit juice in the water restaurant beside the lake, peacocks fly out together with the long and graceful whistle, and come to the shore to look for food
Peacock Flying video
After a long suspension bridge, I came to Aini village
Huange gatangpa in Aini Village
Hani people's bamboo pole dance
In the water splashing square, you can enjoy 30 minutes of folk customs. According to the performance time, you can also participate in the elephant water splashing carnival
Elephants enter for water splashing Carnival
Cute little monkey in monkey area
Great leap in the jungle (tickets need to be purchased separately)
The story of Peacock Princess in 100 meter relief《 Zhaoshutun and namunona
Starlight night market
Starry night market in the west of Gaozhuang
Pitaya is planted on the wall of Dai natural village
Passion fruit twined with vines in the courtyard
When you come to Xishuangbanna, you will all taste the roast fish with fragrant grass. Fish, the choice is fresh tilapia, after treatment, ginger, garlic, green onions and salt and other seasonings into the fish belly, and then with fragrant thatch to bind the fish belly, and then bamboo clamping on the charcoal fire. The tilapia roasted in this way is not only fresh and sweet, but also has strong fragrance of spices, which is very delicious. The picture above is fragrant thatch
This green round cake is the moss of the Lancang River. The industrious Dai people pick it up from the Lancang River, air it and make it into delicious food
This is the Lancang River moss food --- fried moss
Dai Garden: a scenic spot surrounded by five natural villages
Making of Dai elephant foot drum
This is the Dai garden, there is a family of cockfighting
Bamboo building (wooden building) of Dai nationality
I can't remember which village in the Dai garden. I have lunch in a Dai Inn, and then I run to the banana garden behind the house. There is a large banana forest, and I can't see the edge. For the first time, I saw such a big bunch of bananas and put them in bags. I've only seen apples growing on trees in the North covered with paper bags, so the skin is delicate.
Splashing square of Dai Garden
Beautiful Dai girls, Dai women, all surnamed Yu, zodiac, are peacocks: men, all surnamed Yan, pronunciation "love". The sign is elephant. Elephants and peacocks are the mascots of Dai people. We Han have twelve zodiac animals: rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, chicken, dog and pig. I suddenly remembered the interesting story about my brother's zodiac when he was a child: I belong to the dragon, my brother is four years older than me, and his zodiac is a mouse. Grandma is a tiger. The elder brother thinks that this mouse really can't be on the stage. What's more, I always clap my hands around him and yell, "little mouse, go to the lampstand... One day my brother will have to change his face with grandma. It seems that only a tiger can hold me down. But, grandma, it's too real to say that this aspect can't be changed. I'll accompany you all my life. As a result, the aggrieved child cried. Look, if it's the Dai nationality, there's no trouble that children don't like the zodiac of mice. Later, my brother liked the zodiac of mice again. Why? This comes from another story told by my wise mother: the animals race, and the top 12 animals are selected as the zodiac animals. Moreover, the mouse is the first, which is absolutely smart
Water splashing Carnival in Dai garden mantingyu Garden
Mantingyu Garden: bronze statue of Premier Zhou splashing water in Dai Wang Yu Garden
Dai slow wheel pottery: there is a slow wheel pottery Experience Hall in mantingyu garden
Walking in the shade, the feeling is wonderful
Listen to the performance of the royal elephant in the Royal Garden
Xiaobao and I are very grateful to our bodyguards
Xiaobao took a picture for us. Seeing her shape, she laughed... First, give her one
This is the gate of the theater, the theater for watching the Mekong night at night
Lancang Mekong night song and dance bonfire party
Brown playing and singing
Tropical Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences
There are a lot of treasure hunting cards in the botanical garden, which are very interesting and knowledgeable. It's fun to search all the way and scan the code to answer questions
Golden cup flower: the huge cup-shaped corolla is only on the branch, beautiful and peculiar -- "golden cup flower" means success and victory, and golden cup flower will release chocolate fragrance.
Exotic flowers garden: all kinds of magical plants, such as dancing grass, sour and sweet mysterious fruit, colorful banyan, variegated leaves, bachelor tree, Mimosa, carefree tree, golden cup flower... When you enter the garden, the exotic flowers will bloom and compete with each other, making you intoxicated and unforgettable.
Hey, look at me, Mimosa
Watch me fly
Palm Garden: the prince of plants
Wang Lian: it is a famous tropical aquatic ornamental plant, with the largest leaf in the world, with a diameter of more than 3 meters. The picture above is taken in winter, not during the vigorous growth period of Wang Lian. The leaf surface of Wang Lian is smooth, and the leaf edge is rolled up. It is ribbed and looks like an umbrella frame, so it has great buoyancy. It can bear up to 60kg or 70kg without sinking. I really hope I can sit on the leaves of Wang Lian in summer and experience them. The leaves of Wang Lian are big and flat, and the edges of the leaves are upright and rolled up. They look like giant pans floating on the water! But the purpose of Wang Lian's growing into a pan is not to "cook", nor to compete with the reflection of the full moon in the water. The huge leaves on the flat water surface can receive the sunlight to the maximum extent, carry out photosynthesis to produce nutrition, and do not have to worry about being burned by the naked tropical sun; Turning up the edge of the pot covered with sharp thorns skillfully refuses the aquatic animals' desire to bask in the sun and sleep on the flat leaves. Don't worry about the rain, will you collect a pot of rain? Ha ha, Wang Lian has already thought of this problem. It makes two gaps along the edge of the pot, so as to drain easily.
I'm not so knowledgeable. The above knowledge about Wang Lian is reprinted from popular science in China
If you want to deeply experience the infinite scenery of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences, it is recommended to live in the garden. There is a wanglian Hotel (operated by Chinese Academy of Sciences) in the park. The price is subject to the hotel. You can decide whether to stay or not according to your own situation. If you are a photography enthusiast, the advantage of staying in the park is that you can take photos in your favorite scenic spots in the morning and night when there are few visitors and the light conditions are the best; If you go to the botanical garden in summer, you can also see fireflies all over the sky, especially for families with Mengbao. When I was a child, I caught grasshoppers and cicadas, but I didn't see fireflies. Or from the words "Yingxue" to learn fireflies, how inspirational a word ah, I really hope to see a firefly in summer. The fairy tale world full of fireflies after the water splashing festival every year, in the night sky of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences after the rain, the fireflies are just like the fairies with magic, decorating the fairy tale world of "Huludao". Male fireflies fly all over the sky, their pulse flash is a signal of love, flashing different rhythms of light, looking for their partner. When the night sky is full of stars, we can't tell where is the illusion of the stars and where is the brilliance of the fireflies, which is the fairy tale drama of the plant kingdom.
Firefly photos from Haoxing, Banna
Red back osmanthus
Famous tree garden: in the garden, there are stone group sculptures "tree sea tour" by founder Professor Cai Xitao and famous trees planted by dozens of national leaders and international celebrities. For example, acacia trees planted by Jiang Zemin, Hercules trees planted by Li Peng, banyan trees planted by Li Ruihuan, and Wangtian trees planted by Prince Philip of England
Picking up sea beans under the tree
Haihongdou: red heart Bodhi, commonly known as "Acacia bean", if you carefully observe, you will find: its red, edge and interior are different in depth; Inside, there is a heart-shaped curve, which is really heart to heart. Birds have Acacia birds, trees have acacia trees, and beans have Acacia beans. Famous poet Wang Wei's poem: "red beans born in the south, spring to send a few branches, may you pick more, this thing is the most Acacia." I'm not sure if red beans refer to Sea red beans. But I know that in addition to the Sea red bean, there is also a kind of Acacia bean - half black and half red - hen Zhu. The difference between haihongdou and jimuzhu is that one conveys affection and the other is deadly. Acacia is poisonous
Jinping vine: another beautiful name -- a dream
This flower has an image of the name - men's flower. No stamens, heartless like a man? What does that mean? Popular science episode: This is a beautiful yellow cicada with soft branches. Because it has no stamens and pistils, it is called "heartless flower", "man flower" and "heartless flower"“ No heart "- there are no stamens or pistils.
Wangtianshu scenic spot
Wangtian tree: it is a large evergreen tree of Dipterocarpaceae. Its tall and straight trunk stands on the canopy of tropical rain forest. It has the style of piercing the sky. Wangtian tree is one of the important symbols of tropical rain forest. In the past, some foreign scholars have asserted that "there is a great lack of Dipterocarpaceae plants in China, and there is no tropical rain forest in China.". However, the discovery of wangtianshu overturned these conclusions and confirmed the existence of tropical rain forest in China.
Above is the wangtianshu scenic area, which is 500 meters long and 36 meters high
Yunnan wangtianshu seed was invited to visit space by Tiangong-1. At 9:00 p.m. on September 29, 2011, Tiangong-1 was successfully launched. Seeds from Wangtian tree, a tropical rain forest in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan. As one of the four rare plant seeds aboard Tiangong-1, it was successfully carried into space. Scientists hope to use the special ring mirror of space to make seeds mutate and make them more suitable for survival and reproduction..
It's really dad's little stick
High canopy air corridor
Love in the sky
Wangtianshu scenic spot
"Zhaoshutun and nanmu Nuona" in Dai language
Xiaobao guesses that there is an Omega Dai character on Q. can it be "you"? If there is an apostrophe on u, will it be "Wu"? Why? A. take your seat according to the number of times. Then, the classic and inspirational Chinglish - good good good study, day up - flashed into my mind
Chicken rice noodles
Stir fried banana flower
Manfeilong roast chicken
Grilled fish with Citronella grass
Fish wrapped in vegetables: the fresh lettuce leaves are wrapped with roast fish, fried peanuts, rice noodles, coriander and homemade dip. WOW! Unexpected beauty
On the street
This is the Xishuangbanna bridge on the Lancang River connecting Jinghong and the xishuangjing of Gaozhuang
Back to the hotel, sitting on the balcony, eating snacks, chatting, if you can read a book instead of a mobile phone, it will be more charming
Exclusive manual drawing in Xishuangbanna
The capital of Xishuangbanna is Jinghong, the city of dawn. The xishuangjing of Gaozhuang is across the river from Jinghong (Lancang River) and connected by Xishuangbanna bridge. It's about 10 minutes' drive. There is a tourism public service center at the gate of Shuangjing in the west of Gaozhuang, which can receive tourists, book through trains and so on. The gate of West Shuangjing of Gaozhuang is the through train point. It's also a few minutes' walk from Xingguang night market. Accommodation can choose to live in Jinghong or xishuangjing. There are through trains to scenic spots in both places. You can consult the service center before you play. Banna good line is the WeChat official account of the scenic spot through train. You can order by appointment. Charter Tour: there is another way to travel - charter tour. If the tickets of Banna scenic spot are bought by drivers, there will be a certain discount, so it's a good choice to choose a car tour. Generally speaking, it costs 50-100 yuan a day to charter a car in the scenic spots of the city. The scenic spots in the urban area are: Manting Park, tropical flower garden, Mengji Buddha city, etc. If it's primeval forest park, Jinuo village, Dai garden, Yexiang Valley, Yulin Valley, it's about 150 yuan a day. The Charter tour of the Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences costs about 300 yuan a day. The Charter tour in wangtianshu scenic area costs about 400-500 yuan. Hotels in Xishuangbanna generally include pick-up service. If you want to visit two scenic spots a day, you'd better charter a car. If you visit one scenic spot a day, take the scenic spot through train.
Distance from west Shuangjing of Gaozhuang to primeval forest park: 7km, about 10 minutes by car. Distance from west Shuangjing of Gaozhuang to Jinuo Village: 23km, about 34 minutes by car. Road from west Shuangjing of Gaozhuang to Dai Garden: 26 km, 30 minutes by car. Distance from west Shuangjing of Gaozhuang to Manting Park: 3.8 km, 12 minutes by car. Journey from xishuangjing of Gaozhuang to tropical botanical garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences: 55 km, about 55 minutes by car. Distance from west Shuangjing of Gaozhuang to wangtianshu scenic spot: 157 km, 2.5 hours by car（ The distance from tropical botanical garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences to wangtianshu scenic spot is 98 km and 1.5 hours by car.) The following is a 10 minute drive from Jinghong to the west gate of Gaozhuang. The tour map and performance schedule of each scenic spot are shown.
Tour map of Jinuo Village
Tour map and activity schedule of primeval forest park
Tour map of Dai Garden
Tropical Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Tour map of Western Tropical Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences
How to get from Jinghong to Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden: Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences is located in Menglun Town, Mengla County, Xishuangbanna, 56 kilometers away from Jinghong. There are several modes of transportation to Menglun: 1. Bus: you can buy a sleeper ticket from the South passenger station of Kunming and get off at Menglun town. 2. Taxi: you can take a taxi from the airport or Jinghong to Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The fare is 250-300 yuan; 3. Bus: after arriving at Jinghong, take the bus to Banna passenger station (known locally as "tire turning factory passenger station", No. 3, Civil Aviation Road) to Menglun. The ticket price is 17 yuan. 4. Charter a car to visit the Tropical Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences, about 300 yuan. 5. Take the scenic spot through train 6. Customize the one-day tour product of Chinese Academy of Sciences, yexianggu
Wild Elephant Valley mantingyu Garden
The above tourist maps are from tourist service centers and scenic spots